How to mount another drive and install updates

Few months ago my 9-year-old motherboard died of natural cause, leaving my ssd drive (ubuntu 18) and the rest of parts working. How can I install updates to it?

1. Check mount point of external drive

If you don't see a mount point of your external drive (e.g. /dev/sdc1)

# either check the mount points via
sudo lsblk -f
# or
sudo fdisk -l

2. Mount drive (sudoer user)

sudo mount /dev/sdc1 /mnt
# bind
sudo mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
sudo mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys
sudo mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc
sudo mount --bind /run /mnt/run
sudo chroot /mnt

3. Install updates

Add -S for reading standard input instead of /dev/tty

sudo -S apt update